Mudhol Hound (also known as Caravan Hound or Karvani dog) and Pashmi (the beautiful feathered variety of mudhol hound) are Indian dog breeds. Caravan Hound, Mudhol Hound, Karwani, Karvani are all different names for the same Indian dog breed.
Ancestors of the Mudhol Hound
Bedar tribes (known as fearless hunters) in and around Halagali (near Mudhol) in the Karnataka state in India bred various hounds for hunting. In the past, Hounds were also bred in the past by Maratha warriors in Maharashtra, India for hunting, guarding farms, guarding houses and as loyal companion dogs. These hounds were the ancestors of today’s mudhol hound dog breed.
Mudhol Hounds from Bedar tribe in Halagali
Nanasaheb (center) is savior of the Mudhol Hound
Nanasaheb (Shrimant Raja Sir Meherban Malojirao Venkatrao Ghorpade 1884-1939) the King of Mudhol selectively bred Mudhol Hounds to be slender and sleek dogs fit for hunting. King George V of England was impressed by these Indian hounds and named them the Hounds of Mudhol.
Mudhol Hounds – Speed & Stamina
Sight Hounds and Scent Hounds
Let us dig deeper into the characteristics of hound breeds. There are two types of hounds: Sight Hounds (those who hunt by sight) and Scent Hounds (follow a trail by scent). Scent hounds are bred for a heightened sniffing ability (eg. Bloodhound is a scent hound) while sight hounds have excellent vision (bright oval eyes with a tapered non-obstructing muzzle for increased field of vision – about 270 degrees viewing angle).
Mudhol dog is a Sight Hound
They hunt primarily by way of sight, speed and stamina. They have characteristic long legs, deep chest and narrow waistline. Mudhol hound dogs specialize in pursuing their prey, keeping it in sight and overpowering it with their speed, stamina, agility and bite.
Pashmi – feathered variety
Mudhol Hound Size
Males should be about 26-28 inches (66-72 cm), and Mudhol Hound bitches may be 24-26 inches (60-66 cm).
Mudhol Hound Temperament
The Karvani is serene and dignified with a royal air of aloofness. This breed’s temperament is suitable for hunting and guarding where the dog is alert, courageous, loyal yet tolerant of other dogs in the pack.
Treat Mudhol Hounds with the respect they deserve and do not bother them. Strangers and kids should not dominate or touch the mudhol hound without his master’s supervision. Ill-treatment of mudhol hounds may result in undesired aggressive dogs who are unpredictable and difficult to control.
Karvanis do have a strong inborn hunting drive and aggressive Caravan hounds may attack and kill – causing undesirable violence.
Well raised and socialized Mudhol hounds will remain dignified, aloof and tolerant to an extent.
All dogs raised with kids from an early age will be good with them and Mudhol hounds are no exception.
Mudhol Hound Dog Food Requirements
Feed a diet consisting of meat, bones and high protein. You can leave some meat uncooked for actively hunting mudhol hound dogs.
Bedar tribal people feed Bhakari (bread made from Jowar or Bajri) with milk, half-cooked or raw meat (rats, rabbit, birds, chicken, peacock, duck, lamb, snake, etc) and boiled rice.
For best performance on the field, you should feed smaller portions 3 to 4 times a day instead of larger portions 2 times a day. Do not let your mudhol dog run immediately after consuming food.
Exercise requirements: The Mudhol hound has great speed, stamina, and endurance coupled with strength. Sighting and running are some qualities at which the mudhol dog excels. Like all large sighthounds, the Karvani dog requires regular, safe, supervised exercise and access to a large running space.
Running: Caravan hounds should run at least 5km every day to retain a top physical form for hunting (about 2km every day to remain fit as a non-hunting pet/guard dog). Running uphill, down slopes, sprinting, jumping and agility provides better and complete exercise for the mudhol hound as compared to running at a steady pace on flat land.
Picking Mudhol dogs for hunting
Dogs suitable for hunting should be comfortable working as a team in the pack. They should not be dog-aggressive. Mudhol hunting dogs should not be startled by loud sounds (gunshots). They should pause and fearlessly inquire after hearing loud noises.
Selecting good Mudhol hound puppies
To pick excellent and original Mudhol hound puppies, it is best to contact the Mudhol hound research center in Mudhol, Karnataka and the Mudhol dog breeders association. They often have data on available puppies and contact info. of Mudhol Hound breeders and farmers in the villages near Mudhol. A pair of Mudhol hounds costs about Rs.11,000 to Rs.12,000. Mudhol dog price may vary depending on their show worthiness. Many Mudhol hounds are also available for free adoption. While choosing a Mudhol Hound puppy, look for the following physical characteristics.
A pack of Mudhol Hounds make formidable hunting and guard dogs.
Head: Long and narrow. Skull moderately wide between the ears, not domed, stop not pronounced, the whole showing great quality. Nose black. Jaws deceptively weak looking, yet powerful. Very strong teeth with a powerful scissors bite; eyes dark to hazel and bright; large and oval; ears hanging close to the skull.
General Appearance: The whole appearance of the mudhol hound breed should give an impression of grace and symmetry and of great speed, stamina, and endurance coupled with strength and activity which enables it to kill small/medium sized quarry in harsh weather, rough terrain and steep mountains. The expression should be dignified and gentle, with deep, faithful, far-seeing eyes and piercing gaze.
Caravan Hound or Mudhol Hound
Coat: Smooth and silky, very easy to maintain.
Brindle Mudhol Hound
Mudhol Hound Colours: White, cream, fawn, golden, brown, brindle, tan or any of the aforementioned colors with white or colored markings. Brindle Mudhol Hounds are considered desirable by some breeders.
Handsome Pashmi male
Neck: Long, supple, and well muscled.
Forequarters: Shoulders sloping and set well back, well muscled without being coarse. Forelegs straight and long from the elbow to the knee.
Loin and Back: Back fairly long, muscles slightly arched over loin. Chest deep and moderately narrow. Rib-cage moderately visible.
Hindquarters: Strong, hipbones set well apart and stifle moderately bent, hocks low to the ground, showing galloping and jumping power. Feet Of moderate length, toes long and well arched.
Tail: Long and sleek, set on low and carried naturally in a moderate curve.
Pashmi Hound (Feathered Variety of Mudhol hound): Should be same with exception of feathering on ears and tail for the Pashmi.
Mudhol Hound puppies
Indian postal stamp (2005) with Mudhol Hound dog breed
Link: Facebook Page of the Canine Research and Information Centre, Timmapur, Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India. An institute set up to research, preserve and develop the Mudhol hound / Caravan hound dog breed.