Beauceron is also called Beauce shepherd (Berger de Beauce) or Red stockings (Bas Rouge) and is an old breed of herding dog from France. The breed was developed by sheep and cattle farmers and was built to withstand the demands of long days of work in all types and extremes of temperatures and terrain, subsisting on little food. He was not only expected to be a herding dog but also a guardian of the flock and the home.
General Appearance: The Beauceron is a large and powerful dog with a solid bone structure, rustic, well chiseled and muscled without bulkiness. The tail is always long and slightly feathered. The coat is smooth and short on the head and legs, short, thick and firm on the body, with a good undercoat.
Beauceron Temperament: The Beauceron is an alert and energetic dog with a frank and unwavering look. He shows no fear and no aggression and should be confident. He is intelligent, easily trained, faithful, calm and lives to please its masters. He also possesses an excellent memory.
Size: The Beauceron is medium in all its proportions. The length of the body form the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock should be slightly greater than the height at the withers. 1 to 1.5 cm (0.39 to 0.59 inches) greater for males, and 1.5 to 2 cm (0.59 to .079 inches) for the bitches.
Dogs are larger and heavier than the bitches, and should be distinctly masculine. Bitches should be feminine looking, but without weakness in structure or substance.
The dogs optimum height is 67 cm (26.38 inches), but with an acceptable range of 65 – 70 cm (25.6 – 27.56 inches).
The bitches optimum height is 65 cm (25.6 inches), with an acceptable range of 61 – 68 cm (24 – 26.77 inches).
Coat & Colour:
Coat: short and smooth on the head and the lower legs; on the body, it should be coarse, dense and lying flat, 3 to 4 cm in length; the buttocks and the underside of the tail are lightly but obligatory fringed. The undercoat is short, fine, dense and downy, preferably mouse grey, very close and can’t be seen through the top coat.
Black and Tan Beauceron
Black & Tan Beauceron (black with tan markings: “red stockings”. The black is pure black and the tan, red squirrel coloured. The tan markings are distributed as follows: spots over the eyes. On the sides of the muzzle, diminishing gradually on the cheeks, never reaching under the ear. On the chest, preferably two spots. Under the neck. Under the tail. On the legs, disappearing progressively while rising, without covering more than 1/3 of the leg and rising slightly higher on the inside.
Harlequin Beauceron (blue-mottled with tan markings): grey, black and tan, the coat being black and grey in equal parts, the spots well distributed, with sometimes a predominance of black. The tan markings are the same as for the black and tan. A faint spot on the chest is tolerated, but shall be no larger than 5 cm2 (1 square inch).
Head: The head is well chiselled with harmonious lines. Seen in profile, the top lines of skull and muzzle lie roughly in parallel planes. Skull: flat or slightly rounded from one side to the other. The median groove is only slightly marked, the occipital protuberance can be seen on the summit of the skull. Stop: The stop is only slightly pronounced and is equidistant from the occiput and the end of the muzzle. Nose: Proportionate to the muzzle, well developed, never split and always black. Muzzle: neither narrow nor pointed. Lips: firm and always well pigmented. The upper lip should overlap the lower without any looseness. At their juncture, the lips form very slightly but firm flews. Jaws & Teeth: Strong teeth with a scissor bite. Eyes: horizontal, slightly oval in shape. The iris should be dark brown, and in any case, never lighter than dark hazel even if the tan is light coloured. For the harlequin variety, walleyes are admitted. Ears: set high. They are carried upright if cropped, neither convergent nor divergent, pointing slightly forward. The well-carried ear is one whose middle falls on an imaginary line in prolongation of the sides of the neck. Uncropped ears are half-pricked or drop ears. They shouldn’t be plastered against the cheeks. They are flat and rather short. The length of the uncropped ear should be half the length of the head.
Neck: Muscular, of a good length, united harmoniously with the shoulders.
Forequarters: Upright and parallel when viewed from the front and in profile. Shoulder: sloping and moderately long. Forearm: muscular. Feet: large, round and compact. The nails are always black. The pads are hard but nevertheless resilient.
Body: Topline: the back is straight and strong. The loin is short, broad and muscular. The croup is well muscled and slightly sloped in the direction of the attachment of the tail. Withers: well defined. Chest: the girth of the chest is greater than the height at the withers by more than one-fifth. The chest is well let down to the point of the elbow. It is wide, deep and long.
Hindquarter: Upright and parallel when viewed from behind and in profile. Thigh: wide and muscular. Hock Joint: substantial, not too close to the ground, the point situated roughly at ¼ the height at the withers, forming a well open angle with the second thigh. Metatarsals (rear pasterns): vertical, slightly further back than the point of the buttock. Feet: large, round and compact. Dewclaws: by tradition, shepherds are much attached to the conservation of double dewclaw. The dewclaws form well separate “thumbs” with nails, placed rather close to the foot.
Tail: Whole, carried low, it reaches at least to the point of the hock, without deviating, and forming a slight hook in the form of a “J”. In action, the tail can be carried higher, becoming an extension of the topline.
Gait: Supple and free. The limbs move well in line. The Beauceron should have an extended trot with long reaching movement.
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded, should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Disqualifications: Aggressive or overly shy ; Size outside the standard limits ; Too light-boned ; Eyes too light, or walleyes (except for harlequins) ; Split nose, or a colour other than black, with unpigmented areas ; Overshot or undershot with loss of contact, absence of 3 or more teeth (the first premolars not counting) ; Uncropped ears totally upright and rigid ; Rear feet turned excessively to the exterior ; Simple dewclaws or absence of dewclaws in hind legs ; Shortened tail or tail carried over the back ; Coat: colour and texture other than those defined by the standard. A complete absence of tan markings. Shaggy coat. Well defined, quite visible white spot on chest. For the harlequin variety: too much grey, back on one side and grey on the other, head entirely grey (absence of black).